Royal Botanical Gardens Ontario

Royal Botanical Gardens Ontario: A Green Gem. On the border of rock-hard Hamilton lies a startling green paradise. Learn about the history, features and special events here.

It’s hard to pinpoint the most impressive aspect of this garden. Is it the dizzying perfume of the world’s largest lilac dell? The thrilling sight of Great Blue Herons flipping fish into their beaks in the marshes of Cootes’ Paradise?

royal botanical gardens

Above: The Rock Garden at RBG

The brief, breath-taking explosion of 100,000 tulips in the Rock Garden every spring?

Or just the surprising fact that such a natural sanctuary and beauty spot survives here, in the industrial heartland of Ontario, on the soft green border of that rock-hard town, Hamilton?

Historic roots of Royal Botanical Gardens Ontario

The Royal Botanical Gardens Ontario, the largest of its kind in Canada, grew out of rather humble roots: a Lake Ontario marsh lined with boathouses, tin shacks and the odd illicit gambling den, plus another smaller, equally unpromising parcel of land—an abandoned gravel pit.

Back in the 1920s, these two plots fell under the watchful and creative eye of Hamilton bureaucrat and local politician Thomas B. McQuesten.

Through clever political maneuvers, McQuesten cobbled together these and other nearby chunks of land to form what is today a rambling collection of 2,700 acres of green space—300 cultivated and 2,400 acres of untamed wilderness made up of wetland, woods and fallow fields.

It’s this diversity – the unique mélange of wild and tame nature – that makes the Royal Botanical Gardens Ontario stand out from traditional botanical gardens, which usually feature highly cultivated plants in more-or-the-less formal settings.

Cootes Paradise

cootes paradise

First for the "wilder" area: Cootes Paradise, which is haunted, some say, by the memory of squatters evicted during the dark days of the Depression. Today it is one of the most significant marshland restorations in North America.

cootes paradise

Here you can watch Scarlet Tanangers, cuckoos, swallows, heron, geese, ducks, and cormorants at play. These conservation lands contain nearly 1,000 wild species of plants, making this area one of the most biologically diverse in the province—surprising news when you consider it’s located in a region so long settled (and trampled upon) by humans.

If you’re lucky you might even spot roving deer, muskrats and other wildlife on your trek along the trails, which extend for more than 30 kilometres.

Cultivated gardens at RBG

Next, the cultivated region of the gardens! Here you can  enjoy massive collections of irises and more than 2,500 rose bushes. Examine the most promising new annuals in the trial beds and the recent All American Selection winners.

Above: The rose gardens at the RBG

Have a spot of tea in the tea house in the Rock Garden (built with relief labour in the early dirty 30s) or in the Rose Gardens. Those with an interest in the practical side of plants will enjoy the herb and medicinal gardens, each with their own fascinating stories.

pond in the Rock Garden at RBG

The greenhouse

There's also a large greenhouse at the RBG Centre. It  boasts a fragrant year-round bulb room and a collection of weird-shaped cactus plants and succulents.

If you have a bent for the bizarre, check out the extraterrestrial appearance of the plants at the orchid show hosted here every winter.

There's also a lovely toy train set made of all-natural materials in the greenhouse. On special occasions, they set it running.

Shops and dining

Restaurants include a tea room in the Rock Garden (lovely during the summer), a tea room in the Rose Garden, and a small coffee shop inside the main building. Call ahead for exact dates and hours of operation or check the web site (below). The book/giftshop has a good selection of books dealing with nature and local history.

Special events & more information

The garden hosts concerts (jazz and classical during the summer), art shows and public lectures. Annual festivals celebrate different types of plants such as The Lilac Festival.

The street address is 680 Plains Road West, Burlington, Ontario but it's right on the border of Burlington and Hamilton and some of the territory is within the city of Hamilton. Hamilton is the largest nearest city.

Located mid-way between Toronto and Niagara Falls just off the highway so it's very easy to find. Just watch for the signs.

Check the Royal Botanical Gardens web site: www.rbg.ca. Or call 905-527-1158.

You may enjoy

Gardens in Ontario

Niagara Parks Botanical Garden

Ontario Travel Secrets > Cities Hamilton Ontario > RBG

Comments or Questions? You can reach me through email or facebookCheers, Guylaine